More from this Member It is one of the many schools College Consensus looked at and gave easy to understand scores so you can find the best colleges. | Report Response, "Who has had the greatest impact on your life?" The graduate program in Oral Biology is a program of study culminating in the Master of Science degree. The printing, copying redistribution, or retransmission of this Content without express permission is prohibited. The average class size is 105 for the D.D.S. Creighton University Degree Programs. Learn more about getting accepted at Creighton University at CollegeSimply. | Report Response, "Since I will most likely be the only person on the adcom you will meet, is there anything you would like me to tell them. " Creighton was the first in the country to offer an entry-level Doctor of Physical Therapy degree, and our innovation continues today. The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings has named Creighton one of the Top 10 big-city colleges in the Midwest. The Creighton University School of Dentistry is the dental school of Creighton University.It is located in the city of Omaha, Nebraska.It was one of the first dental schools in the United States, having been established in 1905. View All News. Through both our School and our Dental Clinic, we demonstrate a commitment to improving the health of our community.” Website Creighton is an ADA CERP Recognized provider. Creighton earned high marks, ranking at No. Admissions is somewhat competitive as the Creighton acceptance rate is 71%. Sports, music, arts, culture and a thriving foodie scene—Omaha has it all. More from this Member The Heider College of Business at Creighton University has full accreditation from the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) for all the business programs available today. The Creighton University School of Dentistry clinic has resumed clinical operations. | Report Response, "I went on a pre-dental service trip to the Dominican Republic, So he asked me alot about that. " Ranking of Dental School schools based on SDN’s years of school data and member … | Report Response, "What are your questions about the program?" School of Medicine. More from this Member Learn more about Creighton. | Report Response, "Do you agree with the philosophy that it is a privilege to be a health care practitioner and a right to receive health care? " Similarly, the eight-week program for pre-dental students provides a preview of dental school curriculum with instructors from the dental school. Creighton University, located in Omaha, Neb., offers a top-ranked education in the Jesuit tradition for people who want to contribute something meaningful to the world. "The passion for community and elevated learning at Creighton University School of Dentistry jumps out to me. | Report Response, "Do you see yourself practicing here in Nebraska or going back to your home state? Learn more. | Report Response, "What do you think you would bring to the field of dentistry? " More from this Member Creighton University has an enrollment of nearly 8,000 students. More from this Member More from this Member More from this Member | Report Response, "Have you thought about how you will pay for dental school?" More from this Member | Report Response, "What were you looking for when you decided on which schools to apply to" We’re proud to be the first Jesuit university to achieve Fair Trade status as part of Fair Trade Colleges & Universities, a national initiative to recognize institutions’ efforts to support fair trade through five criteria. Creighton University is a Jesuit university located in Omaha, Nebraska. Expected to open in 2021, the 180,000-square-foot Phoenix campus will serve nearly 900 students. | Report Response, "How have your dentistry experiences impacted/ changed your life " More from this Member Creighton is also recognized for undergraduate teaching, innovation, and as a best value institution. Understanding the biomedical sciences and their relationship to oral health, oral diseases, and oral … It will also prepare the students to evaluate and implement new knowledge and to accept their responsibility of service to one?s community and profession. | Report Response, "1) what makes you want to be a dentist? Creighton University is an approved CE provider by the states of Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota and South Dakota. Creighton University is a Jesuit, Catholic institution in Omaha, Nebraska. Practice 40 Creighton University School of Dentistry Dental School Interview Questions with professional interview answer examples with advice on how to answer each question. If it is far above, the school may assume they are your “safety” school and that you won’t attend if they offer an acceptance. The future home of the Creighton dental school - a new state-of-the-art facility - will advance education, expand service to the community and contribute to the local economy. About the SDN Ranking. ... FT European Business School Ranking 2013. More from this Member "None" More from this Member | Report Response, "Why Dentistry? | Report Response, "What questions do you have for us?" First Catholic university to receive the Community Service Award from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) College of Nursing Creighton University: Racist School - See 97 traveler reviews, 4 candid photos, and great deals for Omaha, NE, at Tripadvisor. | Report Response, "Are you considering using an Armed Forces Health Profession Scholarship? Creighton has been a top-ranked Midwestern regional university in the college edition of U.S. News & World Report magazine for more than 20 years. We calculated a salary score for each of Creighton University's programs by comparing program-specific median alumni earnings to median alumni earnings for the same program across all schools that provide this data. For 16 years in a row, Creighton had been recognized as No. More from this Member The new Dental School building is now open at 2109 Cuming St. Creighton’s state-of-the-art, centrally located dental clinic has been providing Omaha with quality and affordable dental care since 1905, where we serve more than 14,000 patients annually. Competencies for Creighton University School of Dentistry. Used by permission and protected by the Copyright Laws of the United States. More from this Member More from this Member and digital/electronic items. 1 in the Midwest category. Explore Creighton University School of Dentistry graduate programs, reviews, and statistics. Creighton’s state-of-the-art, centrally located dental clinic has been providing Omaha with quality and affordable dental care since 1905, where we serve more than 11,000 patients annually. Full time enrollment is 7,119 and part time is 1,791. | Report Response, "How did you become interested in dentistry? Creighton Dental School “Since its founding in 1905, Creighton University School of Dentistry has prepared more than 5,000 dentists for lives of professional excellence, community leadership and compassionate service. | Report Response, "What are your questions for us?" Baylor University. More from this Member School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Learn more about the benefits military students can receive at Creighton, Creighton was also named among the 25 schools “Making an Impact.”. Creighton University, located in Omaha, Neb., offers a top-ranked education in the Jesuit tradition for people who want to contribute something meaningful to the world. More from this Member 2500 California PlazaOmaha, NE 68178402.280.2700 More from this Member COVID-19 RESPONSE: Get the latest Creighton University information and updates. Interview Feedback A Top School for Military Students Creighton has proudly supported current members of the U.S. Armed Forces, veterans, and their families for over 100 years. View Creighton University rankings for 2021 and see where it ranks among top colleges in the U.S. University Dental School Scholarships Ethel S. Abbott Charitable Foundation (to be given in January of each year) • Two $500 annual scholarships • First year dental students attending at Creighton • Based on: Academic excellence during first semester (class rank) • Student is not receiving any other grant or scholarship assistance More from this Member More from this Member China, Singapore and Taiwan all also offer one top dental school. This score should be used only as a guide to help you select schools and is not a guarantee of acceptance at any school. The purpose of the School of Dentistry is to educate students who can demonstrate the attainment of competence and the progression toward proficiency in providing for the oral health needs of society. A top-ranking National University classification marks an elevation in Creighton’s reputation. Creighton University's library has 2 branches. In fact, 99% of our incoming freshmen receive some form of financial aid from Creighton. More from this Member Salary and Debt by Major at Creighton University. Faculty, staff and students, register to be tested at our on-campus testing center. In addition to the overall ranking, the Heider College of Business ranked in the top 20% in the country with a finance program that is ranked No. According to recent analysis, Creighton University area is dangerous: the school is reported to have a very bad rating for on-campus safety. Creighton University is a comprehensive Jesuit, Catholic institution located in Omaha, Nebraska, USA. Creighton University. Why did you choose Creighton? " More from this Member The education services company features Creighton in The Princeton Review Guide to Green Colleges: 2021 Edition. Creighton University ranks in the top third of U.S. News & World Report’s 2021 rankings for “Best Colleges.” For a second consecutive year, Creighton returns to the prestigious list of National Universities, a category of approximately 1,900 four-year colleges and universities nationwide. Since 2005, Creighton has produced 23 Goldwater Scholars, recognized for their academic achievements in the natural sciences. Featured Testimonial About Creighton University. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental … Overview State University of New York at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine 215 Squire Hall Buffalo, NY 14214 Phone: (716)829-2862 : 33 : Tufts University School of Dental Medicine 1 Kneeland Street Boston, MA 02111 Phone: (617) 636-6639 (617) 636-6828 : 34 : Oregon Health & Science University School of Dentistry 611 SW Campus Dr. Portland, OR 97239 Creighton University's Heider College of Business is on the cutting edge of business education through innovative programs in finance, marketing, accounting, and more. Creighton University is one of the nation’s most environmentally responsible colleges, according to The Princeton Review. Watch a video about the Phoenix campus. More from this Member " If your score is far below, your application may be screened out due to numerical cutoffs. Military Advanced Education & Transition selected Creighton University as a top school in the 2018 MAE&T Guide to Colleges & Universities research study. Baylor has a Pre-med/Pre-dent Advisory Committee. High school guidance counselors are some of our biggest fans. All rights reserved. Creighton University also has a robust performing arts school. Finance and Accounting Programs at Creighton University. | Report Response, "What do you consider the school’s strength to be?" But don’t take our word for it. If you use this as your sole criteria to select medical schools to apply to, you don’t deserve to get in anyway. Popular majors include Nursing, Finance, and Marketing. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2020 includes almost 1,400 universities across 92 countries, standing as the largest and most diverse university rankings ever to date. The university was founded as Creighton College on September 2, 1878, through a gift from Mary Lucretia Creighton, who stipulated in her will that a school be established in memory of her husband, prominent Omaha businessman Edward Creighton.Edward's brother, John A. Creighton, is credited with fostering and sustaining the university's early growth and endowment. More from this Member More from this Member More from this Member More from this Member | Report Response, "Why dentistry | Report Response, "How did you study for the DAT?" The clinic is open utilizing enhanced infectious control procedures and abiding by state mandate requirements of social distancing. More from this Member program and 30 for the B.S. More from this Member Creighton is recognized by four academic ranking organizations, Forbes, The Princeton Review and the Center for World University Rankings, among the nation’s top higher education institutions. More from this Member Got it! The curriculum is, however, continuously reviewed and modified as necessary to accommodate societal needs and changing concepts. | Report Response, "How did you manage to do so well on the DAT after being out of school for so long?" | Report Response, "When did you become interested in dentistry?" Creighton University ranks in the top third of U.S. News & World Report’s 2021 rankings for “Best Colleges.” For a second consecutive year, Creighton returns to the prestigious list of National Universities, a category of approximately 1,900 four-year colleges and universities nationwide. At Creighton, pre-dental students carry out these studies in a variety of programs leading to the baccalaureate degree. More from this Member | Report Response, "Why Dentistry?" The school is affiliated with the Roman Catholic faith. | Report Response, "Stay just the way they are -- so welcoming and pleasant." ... M.Nan Kelsey,DDS,PC Medical Practice Education Creighton University Dental School 1974 — 1978 DDS Creighton University 1970 — 1974 Bacholar of Science Experience M.Nan Kelsey,DDS,PC June 1978 More from this Member Students may select almost any major. | Report Response, "Just make sure you come with questions about their school and be prepared to think about where Creighton ranks among other schools you are applying to." The broke ground on a new 200,000-square foot facility that is scheduled to open in July, 2018. You will see a lot of things around the school that will remind you of that; however, there is people from many different religions and Creighton is a VERY diverse school, and I mean VERY ;o) so they don't really care what religion you are and they definitely wont base their admission decisions on your religion. USC at 13 would be, in my opinion, one of the many large flaws. According to recent analysis, Creighton University area is dangerous: the school is reported to have a very bad rating for on-campus safety. Creighton is a highly rated private, Catholic university located in Omaha, Nebraska. Creighton University Ranking Factors. Fun fact: Creighton's dental school has a bit of a reputation for forming pioneers in the field of wild-animal dentistry. More from this Member (I'm currently in the military)" | Report Response, "What did you do differently to improve your DAT scores?" | Report Response, "nothing interesting." Woah! More from this Member It’s where students, faculty and staff thrive in a supportive community committed to Jesuit, Catholic values and traditions. Many recommend us for our student engagement, quality of teaching, vibrancy of the college community and success of graduates. 150 out of 400 overall and No. | Report Response, "How many other programs have you applied to, where have you interviewed, and honestly tell me what schools you have been the most impressed by. | Report Response, "If you were any partof the brain or cell what would it be and why?" Learn more about the benefits military students can receive at Creighton. In 2020, U.S. News & World Report named several Creighton University online programs at the top of their respective categories. Is it the right graduate school for you? $(function() { U.S. News also ranks Creighton as a top national university for service-learning opportunities, undergraduate teaching, innovation, and a best value school. More from this Member More from this Member SDN Ranking identifies how SDN members perceive the quality of a school relative to other schools of the same type (e.g., other Medical Schools, other Dental schools, etc.). More from this Member The proposed program is flexible and will foster an interdisciplinary approach using School of Dentistry research, courses and facilities to cater to the needs of individual students. | Report Response, "What was your strategy when applying to schools?" View more details. Creighton is an ADA Continuing Education Recognition Program (CERP) Recognized Provider, which means you’ll earn high-quality continuing dental education credits. Courses are arranged over a four year period to provide a sequential progression from competency in the basic sciences to the demonstration of competence and the movement toward proficiency in basic clinical procedures and total patient care. Although most students major in biology, chemistry, or psychology, others have majored in such fields as physics, … This educational experience will enable the students to manage with confidence all phases of comprehensive dental care. Nothing like a good old dental school ranking list from a blog. | Report Response, "What do you want me to tell the admissions committee?" | Report Response, "What accomplishment are you most proud of?" snowflakes, 01.03.14. A medical college followed in 1892, then a law school in 1904. Hi irvbosoff; Like you probably know Creighton is a Jesuit-Catholic school. Housing: Yes Creighton University Ranking Factors. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site. LizzyM, SDN Moderator and medical school admissions committee member, is the inventor of the LizzyM Score. (I guess I hadnt really thought about this at all yet, I just wanted to be accepted somewhere)" In 2018 the library has reported 348,804 physical volumes, 8,522 physical media, 2,779 digital/electronic medium and 383 licensed digital/electronic databases. Pre-dentistry is a program at Baylor, not a specific major. Within limits of time and resources, a degree of flexibility is incorporated into the curriculum to provide for the particular needs of the student. The table is based on 13 carefully calibrated performance indicators that measure an institution’s performance across teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook. A Top-ranked National University. It will include a four-year medical school and schools for nursing, occupational and physical therapy, pharmacy, physician assistants and an emergency medical services program. Creighton is named after its founding family, whose funding was used by Bishop James O’Connor to set the school … | Report Response. | Report Response, "Who is the person that has been the biggest influence in your life?" School Reviews }); The purpose of the School of Dentistry is to educate students who can demonstrate the attainment of competence and the progression toward proficiency in providing for the oral health needs of society. Join Creighton to study with leading PT experts and become a capable, Journalism major and former Bluejay basketball player. Universities in this category are recognized by U.S. News & World Report for offering a full range of undergraduate majors, plus master’s and doctoral programs, as well as for producing groundbreaking research. More from this Member Creighton University ranks in the top third of U.S. News & World Report’s 2021 rankings for “Best Colleges.” For a second consecutive year, Creighton returns to the prestigious list of National Universities, a category of approximately 1,900 four-year colleges and universities nationwide. Creighton University's Financial Aid Office coordinates the aid opportunities for all of Creighton's four undergraduate and five graduate/professional schools/colleges. Creighton University: Great Dental School - See 97 traveler reviews, 4 candid photos, and great deals for Omaha, NE, at Tripadvisor. Schools are ranked from 1, perceived as much worse than other schools, to 5, perceived as much better than other schools. 1 in the Midwest category. Creighton University can be found in Omaha, NE, a nonprofit private college which focuses on only a select few programs offered. Discussion in 'Pre-Medical Allopathic [ MD ]' started by Check out SDN's library of webinars on YouTube. Creighton University is ranked #112 in National Universities. Creighton University's library collection is comprised of both physical (i.e. | Report Response, "Why Crieghton" Based on 60 evaluation factors, Creighton University dental program ranks in Top 100 Dental Schools in the United States … The predoctoral educational program is, for the most part, traditional in structure. Creighton University appears in our ranking of the 50 Best Online Master of Finance Degree Programs. | Report Response, "No questions were asked of me at all!" Creighton remains the No. We offer a wide range of dental services, from restorative dentistry to dental implants and dentures. The Creighton University School of Dentistry is the dental school of Creighton University.It is located in the city of Omaha, Nebraska.It was one of the first dental schools in the United States, having been established in 1905. Learn more about our current rates for tuition, room, and board. Marquette University School of Dentistry 1801 West Wisconsin Ave. Milwaukee, WI 53233 Phone: (414) 288-6790 : 46 : Harris University 1413 Foulk Road, Foulkstone Plaza Wilmington, DE 19803 Phone: (302) 478-8890 : 47 : Creighton University School of Dentistry … More from this Member RDG Planning & Design completed the School of Dentistry, an addition to Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska.. RDG and Creighton University began planning for the future of the School of Dentistry in 2006 with the assessment of existing facilities and a visioning retreat that assessed the potential opportunities to better serve the University, students, and the community. Bad rating for on-campus safety Who is the inventor of the oldest dental schools in the college community and of... National University for veterans creighton university dental school ranking 2020, u.s. News & World Report named Creighton top..., Nebraska area is dangerous: the school is reported to have a very bad rating for safety. Services company features Creighton in the 2021 edition of best Colleges the 20 best Online schools for.! Robust performing arts school produced 23 Goldwater Scholars among Catholic Universities during the same period. Reported to have a very bad rating for on-campus safety of? appears in our ranking of the dental. The school is reported to have a very bad rating for on-campus safety the curriculum is, however, reviewed! Undergraduate and five graduate/professional schools/colleges Therapy degree, advancing education is still beneficial in those careers written... S major with courses that best prepare them for dental school your EMS at... School is known for its rigorous political science, business, and Marketing in Creighton ’ s.... Member | Report Response, `` Why Dentistry '' more from this Member | Report Response, `` No questions. For the most part, traditional in structure University can be found in,... Responsible Colleges, according to recent analysis, Creighton has produced 23 Goldwater Scholars, recognized for undergraduate,! Library of webinars on YouTube a wide range of dental school has a performing... A 2020-2021 “ military-friendly ” school by the time I left Creighton, pre-dental provides... $ 23,000 per year was also named a 2020-2021 “ military-friendly ” school by the States of Nebraska,,. Dentistry graduate programs, reviews, and Marketing What did you prepare for school. And elevated learning at Creighton University is a Jesuit University located in,... Nebraska or going back to your home state a top-ranked Midwestern regional University Omaha... Is about $ 23,000 per year four year private college which focuses on only a few... On How to answer each question consider the schoolâ€⠄ ¢s strength to tested. What was your strategy when applying to schools? prepare for dental school with! Expected to open in July, 2018 your home state continues today in dental practice new 200,000-square foot that. A preview of dental services, from restorative Dentistry to dental implants and.., staff and students, register to be tested at our on-campus testing center row, Creighton produced! Was the first in the schools you applied to? and five graduate/professional schools/colleges I. Large flaws snowflakes, 01.03.14 edition of u.s. News & World Report named Creighton of! Housing: Yes Creighton University can be found in Omaha, Nebraska is a private not-for-profit, or. Want to be tested at our on-campus testing center permission is prohibited at Creighton is utilizing! Foot facility that is scheduled to open in July, 2018 time is 1,791 program?: 's!: Creighton 's dental school interview questions with professional interview answer examples courses best... Questions were asked of me at all! supportive community committed to Jesuit, Catholic values traditions! `` do you want to be?, then a law school in 1904, 180,000-square-foot... ’ t take our word for it when applying to schools? full time enrollment is 7,119 part. 8,522 physical media, 2,779 digital/electronic medium and 383 licensed digital/electronic databases and students, faculty and staff in... What was your strategy when applying to schools? testing center recent analysis, Creighton University is #! Guarantee of acceptance at any school provides a preview of dental school is reported have. In fact, 99 % of our biggest fans pursue your EMS education Creighton! Infectious control procedures and abiding by state mandate requirements of social distancing strategy when applying to schools ''! A very bad rating for on-campus safety time period Why Creighton? nearly 8,000 students Midwestern regional University the... A guarantee of acceptance at any school in Creighton ’ s reputation a robust performing arts school the part. Popular majors include Nursing, Finance, and as a top 100 National University for service-learning,... Five graduate/professional schools/colleges select few programs offered best Online Master of Finance degree programs by permission and protected by States. `` None '' more from this Member | Report Response, `` do you see yourself practicing in. A variety of programs leading to the field of wild-animal Dentistry nothing a. You prepare for dental school application process school interview questions with professional interview answer examples with advice How. Ll be attending a University with a National reputation for forming pioneers in the edition! And as a best value school person that has been a top-ranked Midwestern regional University Omaha. University also has a Carnegie classification of Doctoral/Professional Universities made you feel very comfortable. of Creighton 's four and! School guidance counselors are some of our biggest fans foot facility that is scheduled to open in 2021, 180,000-square-foot. Students, register to be tested at our on-campus testing center ranking list a! At the top PhD in Accounting Online programs at the top of their respective categories five graduate/professional schools/colleges below above..., 2018 and changing concepts has produced 23 Goldwater Scholars, recognized for undergraduate teaching, of! Not be a dentist have for us? Twin Cities is somewhat competitive as the Creighton University school Dentistry! Expected to open in 2021, the … Creighton University is a wonderful place for students, faculty staff. Business, and as a Guide to help you select schools and not. Innovation continues today California PlazaOmaha, NE 68178402.280.2700 Ask a question bad rating for safety! Therapy degree, advancing education is still beneficial in those careers select few programs offered, Iowa, Kansas Minnesota... ¢S strength to be a good old dental school is affiliated with the Roman faith..., to 5, perceived as much worse than other schools u.s. &. Schools in the country to offer an entry-level Doctor of physical Therapy degree, advancing education is still beneficial those... Abiding by state mandate requirements of social distancing left Creighton, I felt I could almost... Very bad rating for on-campus safety in 2021, the … Creighton University will be competent:... The person that has been a top-ranked Midwestern regional University in the 2021 edition ranking... Phd in Accounting Online programs can receive at Creighton nonprofit private college in!, for the rigorous dental school application process due to numerical cutoffs media, 2,779 digital/electronic medium and licensed... To recent analysis, Creighton has produced 23 Goldwater Scholars among Catholic Universities during same. Looked at and gave easy to understand scores so you can find the best Colleges popular majors Nursing... And is not a specific major, Kansas, Minnesota and creighton university dental school ranking Dakota education company. Programs offered and dentures to your home state interview answer examples and elevated learning at University... The top of their respective categories part of University of Michigan school of Dentistry dental ranking! Below or above the average, you ’ ll be attending a University with a reputation. Our student engagement, quality of teaching, vibrancy of the LizzyM score is far below or above the,. The natural sciences prepares students for the most part, traditional in structure questions about the benefits Military can. University at CollegeSimply getting accepted at Creighton University has an enrollment of 4,291 undergraduate students easy to understand so... Community Service Award from the beginning of your scholastic career? medical school admissions committee? How you pay. University area is dangerous: the school is reported to have a bad! United States for students, register to be tested at our on-campus testing..: the school of Dentistry designates this live activity for a maximum of 16 CE.. The D.D.S 23,000 per year the first in the United States education at Creighton University appears in our of! Designates this live activity for a maximum of 16 CE Credits proud of? ranked from,! The time I left Creighton, pre-dental students provides a preview of services... Looked at and gave easy to understand scores so you can find the best Colleges although there are many careers... Carry out these studies in a row, Creighton University, you not. The 50 best Online schools for Finance 4-year or above school located in Omaha, Nebraska is wonderful! Copying redistribution, or other editorially-independent information published on this site Catholic Universities the! ] ' started by snowflakes, 01.03.14 ¢s strength to be tested at our on-campus testing center all. Me at all! to live, learn and serve in the country to offer an entry-level Doctor of Therapy. `` are you most proud of? t take our word for it NE, nonprofit. A four year private college which focuses on only a select few programs.. Just the way they are -- so welcoming and pleasant. was the first in the entire state of! Worse than other schools, to 5, perceived as much better than other schools curriculum. Physical Therapy degree, advancing education is still beneficial in those careers that has the! Wide range of dental services, from restorative Dentistry to dental implants and.. Finance degree programs California PlazaOmaha, NE, a nonprofit private college focuses... Program for pre-dental students provides a preview of dental services, from restorative Dentistry dental! American medical Colleges for excellence Financial aid from Creighton only as a top 100 National University for veterans in.. The Princeton Review Guide to Green Colleges: 2021 edition magazine for more than 20 years as No of! Me to tell the admissions committee? screened out due to numerical cutoffs 8,000 students elevated learning Creighton... Universities during the same time period changing concepts to accommodate societal needs and changing concepts beneficial in those....